Activities for fine motor skills development
You can find a lot of information about child development and even a calendar of the first year of child’s life by hours or even weeks. Indeed, it is very important and interesting, especially for young mothers. But, do not forget the fact that every child is unique and has its own biological stages of development. So, you do not need to panic, if your child does not sit in the 6 months or crawl at 7 months, you can be sure he will do it, when his time comes. But, you can help him, of course, with your love and care. You should always admire your baby, send only positive energy and all everything will be OK. And I’ll tell you some very important activities for fine motor skills development of hands from birth.
It is known that speech function of the child depends on the development of his hands, the movement of fingers: the more your child will engage in creative work, sculpt, draw, make mosaic, the faster and more correct his speech will develop.
A set of activities for the development of fine motor skills of children from birth to 1 year:
From birth up to 4 months:
Take your baby finger and make a circular movement of every finger in one and then the other way. Every mother should learn this element of massage and do it every day, as many times as possible during diapering, feeding, or even sleeping of baby.
Put things of different materials in the palm of your baby, for example, balls with a diameter of 3-4 cm (1”) – it can be ball of felt, wool or you can just twist threads together into a small ball or make a pom-pon, or you can buy rubber “shaggy” balls in pet stores, they make a great massage . The main task is that the child squeezes it into the fist, but does not eat. You can do it when the child falls asleep, when he is busy with feeding, but there is a need to hold something in the hand.
When the baby is awake and ready to play – you show him different toys, such as rattles, and offer to grab and hold it. If he still cannot grab a toy – help him, hold and squeeze his fist, showing how it can be done.
From 4 to 6 months:
During this period, the child is actively exploring his hands, looks at them and reaches for objects, grabbing the object with one hand. The child learns to use only one hand, later it becomes dominant.
Put your baby on his stomach and put a few bright toys in front of him at a distance of 50-70 cm (20-30”). Try to interest him, so he gets up and tries to grab a favorite toy.
Hold the baby in the air, face down, hugging his stomach, stand near the table with the toys, approaching to the table. The child will reveal his hand and will try to grab the toy.
If the child is big enough to hold the subject for a long time, you should pay attention to whether he is able to throw it on the floor and take the next one. A 4-month baby grabs the toy with his palm, and only a 6 month one can let the subject.
Put toys in front of your baby, talk to him, give him an stimulus to reach them, rejoice his small victories.
Alternately put together the baby’s fingers, every one to the little finger at first, then to the ring one and so on. Make it with both hands.
6 to 8 months
Teach your child to manipulate objects, move from hand to hand (6 months), throw toys (7 months). Most important is the “pincer grip” with the thumb.
Teach your child to put small items in a bag. It can be fun to shake it later.
At this age, your child especially enjoys the newspaper and magazines. You can let him to crumple and tear old magazines or flip pages when you read him a book.
From 8 to 12 months
Play with toys. You can assemble a pyramid, string large beads on a thread, roll the cars or balls from the mound. You can play musical toys – piano, harpsichord.
Wrap a few small toys into a piece of paper and teach a child to uncover them. First, do it yourself, let the baby to watch, and then he will guess how to make it and he will be very pleased.
Teach your child to click on the buttons, such as on toys or light switch. Rejoice and praise the child when he does it deliberately.
And I want to add – love your child, do not limit him. Go more often to countryside, let the baby crawl on the grass, sand, let him try the taste of the rods and cones, touch different leaves and stones, allow him to play with safe animals and insects. Wildlife is the best source of development for the little man!